The Monthly Conflict Assessment Report is produced in Uganda by the USAID Supporting Access to Justice, Fostering Equity and Peace (SAFE) Program. The SAFE Program conducts monthly conflict assessments to better understand and respond to conflict patterns and trends as they develop throughout Uganda.
The assessment is also intended to inform the work of SAFE’s partners and that of other stakeholders. Information is primarily filtered through SAFE’s trained Conflict Monitors who report on conflict incidents that occur in their communities.
SAFE has four (4) Mobile Coordinators based in West Nile, Acholi, Bunyoro and Karamoja sub regions. SAFE has also trained three hundred and four (304) conflict monitors in Bukedi, Kigezi, West Nile, Karamoja, Lango, Ankole and the Bugisu/Sebei sub regions.
The information provided by the Mobile Coordinators and Conflict Monitors is supplemented with reports issued by the media and civil society organizations (CSOs). The SAFE Program verifies reported incidents for accuracy. For a more detailed description of the monthly conflict assessment methodology, please refer to Appendix A at the back of this report
Eight (8) categories of conflicts are monitored in the Monthly Conflict Assessment:
- Governance related conflicts
- Land conflicts
- Politically related conflicts
- Economic distress and poverty
- Spill over conflicts
- Environmental issues
- Identity based conflict
- Other kinds of conflicts that do not fall into the first seven categories (see
Appendix B for the types of conflicts)
The conflicts are additionally dis-aggregated by industry or sector, where relevant (for example, oil and gas, mining, infrastructure, manufacturing, and agriculture).
Conflict incidents are additionally categorized by colors, which represent their status at the time of the report.
- RED Currently experiencing violence
- ORANGE High-risk situations with the potential to degenerate into large
scale violence involving at least ten people
- YELLOW Medium-risk situations where tension is growing gradually
- GREEN Situations with low-risk for large scale violence but also have a
negative impact on social cohesion
Each of the eight conflict-categories is assessed for the extent to which each meets the criteria of conflict-levels identified in color-codes. Only verified conflict incidents are reported in the Monthly Conflict Assessment.
In this case verification involves cross checking of the facts and authenticity of the reported conflict incidents from local leaders and other authorities in areas where conflict incidents occur. For this reason, the SAFE Program may not report some conflicts, if information is not readily available for verification purposes.
The report analyzes sub-data for the four traditional regions of Uganda: Northern (Acholi, Lango, Karamoja and West Nile sub regions); Eastern (Teso, Busoga, Bugisu, Sebei, and Bukedi sub regions); Western (Ankole, Kigezi, Bunyoro and Tooro sub regions); and Central (Buganda sub region)
The five-step approach for USAID SAFE Conflict Monitoring
Conflict Monitor learns of a conflict incident, verifies, and the accuracy of the incident from a minimum of three people in their local community. If a Conflict Monitor witnessed the incident they are not required to verify it.
A Conflict Monitor sends a text message through the conflict monitoring SMS tollfree line to the SAFE Program.
At this time, only the USAID SAFE trained Conflict Monitors have access to the SMS toll free line because SAFE trained these Monitors in conflict monitoring, analysis andreporting.
Monitors can report conflicts in which they are parties, without declaring their identity. USAID SAFE is only interested in the CONFLICT and not the identity of the involved parties.
Dedicated staff at USAID SAFE will verify the reported incident from a minimum of three other sources in the area in which the incident was reported.
If the incident verified in step III above is true, it is entered into the SAFE conflict monitoring database.
Steps 1-4 are mandatory for each reported incident.
At the end of the month, SAFE analyses the reported incidents in order to produce the conflict assessment report for that month. This report is shared with USAID, and other implementing partners in Uganda, including the Conflict Early Warning and Response Unit at the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and other interested stakeholders. It is also uploaded on the SAFE website.